In numerous industrial settings, the proper application of thermodynamics is an essential pre-requisite for good design and optimal operations. Not only is it necessary to better characterize the compounds and processes used in current industrial applications, but also it puts us in a better position, to develop more optimal processes and purpose-specific chemicals in order to address the global challenges of sustainability, climate change and energy usage.

Here, we have collected a number of real-life cases, that have occurred in industry, to illustrate  not only the importance of correct thermodynamic description, but also the considerable subtlety needed, in the application of thermodynamic models, the choice of experimental data and understanding the results that come out of ubiquitous software packages.


E. Hendriks, G. M. Kontogeorgis, R. Dohrn, J.C. de Hemptinne, I. G. Economou, L. Fele Žilnik, V. Vesovic – Industrial Requirements for Thermodynamic and Transport Properties, Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res. 49, 11131-11141, (2010).

J. Gmehling, B. Kolbe, M. Kleiber, and J. Rarey, Chemical Thermodynamics: for Process Simulation, First Edition. © 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Published 2012 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

J.C. de Hemptinne, J-M. Ledanois,  P. Mougin, A. Barreau, How to select a thermodynamic model for process simulation: Problem analysis in three steps, Editions Technip, 2012 (ISBN 2710809494).